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FAQs

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    Lizzie 3rd September 2014 1:19pm

    Hello I have just bought a white and green Sunshine Enamels along with the water based medium to have a try but I am unsure if the piece should be prefired before topping. Also does it need to be completely dry before firing? Thanks.

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 3rd September 2014 1:23pm

    Hi Lizzie, The Enamels we sell mature at 750 - 810 degrees C and therefore can be used in a full range of kilnwork. There is no need to prefire before applying enamels. However, the lower you fire the enamels (within the maturing range) the stronger they will come out. Prefiring layers before topping is not essential but will help to reduce potential bubbles.

    Enamels do need to dry before firing, or they will blister badly. Sifting a very thin layer (2 grains thick) of clear glass powder over the enamels can help achieve a smooth glossy finish and will also reduce bubbles if sifted between layers.

     

    Tim 15th April 2014 1:51pm

    Band saw cuts leave devit on 3mm thick glass. Tried Spray but it still leaves a line?

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 15th April 2014 2:05pm

    The devit from grinding or cutting can be reduced by keeping the piece wet and cleaning the cut with a toothbrush under a running tap ? this gets all the loose bits out of the cut. Then fire the piece onto shelf primer rather than thinfire as the smoke from the thinfire helps to kick off devit. If you fire at 333C ph between 677C and 804C this will also help. Good luck!

     

    Leighann 2nd April 2014 11:52am

    I'm being a bit adventurous and going to attempt using my new drop ring mould this week, fingers crossed it works. Was just wondering whether I really need to flash vent? All the research I've done talks about flash venting if you do a deep drop. Do you have an example of a firing schedule? Otherwise I was going to start with the one on the website linked to the mould.

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 2nd April 2014 2:07pm

    Hi Leighann, The dropout schedule on the site will work, but to be honest a simple 167C to (650-700) with a long hold will work just as well. I have just uploaded some top tips on the dropout ring product pages.

    Our Top Tips:

    ? The blank should cover the outside diameter of the ring but not hang over the edge
    ? For drops under 10cm the optimum thickness of the blank is 6mm to 9mm
    ? For drops over 10cm the optimum thickness of the blank is 9mm to 12mm 
    ? Fire the blank on a basic full fuse and anneal correctly for the thickness of the glass
    ? Use Bullseye separator on the dropout ring and also 1mm fibre, cut 3mm back from the ring edge
    ? The optimum top temperature is 650C to 700C depending on your kiln, glass thickness and how much you want to drop
    ? In plugin kilns remove the shelf for longer drops but remember to protect the base of the kiln with fibre paper

    You do need to cool the glass rapidly to stop it dropping ? this is done when you can see the glass has dropped to the point you were hoping.

     

    Angela 1st April 2014 12:32pm

    Can you advise why the silver wire I bought recently seems to be causing a golden glow around it when used as an insertion? I've tried it with and without glue to fix and both ways it still leaves a pronounced yellow hue in an area around. Many thanks

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 1st April 2014 1:23pm

    Hi Angela, The golden glow around the silver is silver oxide which will always be present in silver, if you clean the silver with vinegar before use and try Crystal Clear 1401 as your clear cap, you will be reducing the possibility of this happening. Naturally, if you want a reaction you can get impressive reactions with glass such as French Vanilla and the reactive glasses.

    www.warm-glass.co.uk/bullseye-sheet-glass-3mm-reactive-ice-clear-100930-p-2363.html

    I hope this helps.

     

    Jennifer 26th March 2014 11:53am

    My square earring pod mould broke on firing. I used primo primer, 4 coats, and put the mould on a kiln shelf, the kiln was cold to start off. Set the kiln to 8.70c full speed for 10mins, switch off kiln, open door leave to cool to 5.50c shut door and leave until reaches room temperature. The break had occurred in the first ten 10mins. Why?

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 26th March 2014 11:56am

    Jennifer, I am sorry to see that your mould has been broken during firing. The speed of your firing has caused the pod mould to crack through thermal shock. The 'full speed' setting is really only appropriate for small pieces of jewellery and whilst the glass could have taken the heat, the mould could not. The PDF on the product page has a schedule which would be appropriate.

    www.warm-glass.co.uk/images/pdfs/products/Small%20pod%20mould%20guide.pdf

     

    Elaine 26th March 2014 10:44am

    Hi - On a course I attended some time ago there was the opportunity to screenprint. I have recently tried printing again using the Sunshine enamels and the oil based mixing media bought from yourselves. Despite mixing different consistencies the mix becomes almost solid on the screen and requires strong chemicals to remove it. Using it too frequently would I think end with damage to the screen. Looking at the safety sheets for the water based mixing media they are the same NR221. What is the difference between them and which would most likely have been used on a course? Many thanks.

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 26th March 2014 11:45am

    Elaine, Thank you for your question. We now use the water based medium in the studio for exactly the same reason you suggest. Whilst the consistency of the oil based is slightly nicer to work with, the cleanup is very time consuming and strong chemicals are required. The water based medium just washes off with water and a bit of detergent. I would personally use oil based medium for painting and water based medium for printing.

     

    Sarah 26th March 2014 10:14am

    3mm fibre paper - I used this to line my shelf and did a full fuse kilncare hobby fuser programme 3 setting. When finished the underside that has been touching the paper has come off but has left a rough white consistency on the glass which does not come off even after brushing under running water. Please could you advise what I am doing wrong? The base glass has been opal coloured - black, red and also some coasters in clear. Many thanks

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 26th March 2014 10:28am

    Dear Sarah

    3mm Fibre is not suitable as a separator for fusing as it will stick to glass in certain circumstances. Fibre is used instead of a shelf by some people and when used in slumping will release, it can also be used in casting to form a barrier; generally opal glass will stick to fibre worse than transparent glass. 

    The specific preparations for separating glass from the shelf are Thinfire Paper and Bullseye shelf primer.

    Bullseye tipsheet about fibre paper: www.warm-glass.co.uk/images/pdfs/Bullseye%20TipSheet_01.pdf
    Bullseye thinfire paper: www.warm-glass.co.uk/thinfire-paper-p-2532.html

     

    Gerry 25th March 2014 1:47pm

    I would like to glue glass to glass. What glue do you recommend that dries clear?

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 25th March 2014 1:53pm

    Gerry, There are several options for gluing glass to glass, the simplest is silicon and aquarium silicon is the clearest. Single part silicon is good for gluing large areas together. The professional laminating glues are available from Bohle and you can either use 2 part silicon glue or ultra violet curing glue, both are very strong and very expensive. Simon.

     

    Mandy 25th March 2014 1:42pm

    Hi there. I have been using fibre paper to cut shapes then use my 'waste' glass (the very small pieces). This works well but obviously I can only get one firing per piece of paper. I have noticed the fibre hardener on your site. . If I was to soak the fibre paper in this product, would i get more than one firing with each 'mould' ? Many thanks.

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 25th March 2014 1:45pm

    Dear Mandy, Yes the hardener will make the fibre hard enough to use for repeated firings. However, you will need to use Primo primer or Bullseye shelf primer on the form to allow the glass to cleanly release. You can also use iridised glass against the mould for a clean release. Kind regards, Simon

     

    Carol 3rd March 2014 1:54pm

    I Have made some placemats using bullseye fused glass 2 layers. How tough and heat resistant will they be?

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 3rd March 2014 1:59pm

    Hi Carol,

    Bullseye glass is as strong as most other glasses but is not toughened or heat resistant like Pyrex. Assuming that the glass has been annealed properly Bullseye glass can be used for placemats, plates, bowls and coasters without issue. 

     

    Geo 3rd March 2014 9:55am

    I've been trying to find out how to make electrodeposits of copper on a glass surface. To make the glass conductive I believe painting/praying Electrodag on the glass is one way. Only snag is that it comes in 1.5Kg tubs at ?1190! Does anyone have knowledge of other ways to achieve metal plating on glass?

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 3rd March 2014 10:51am

    Hi Geo
    It's out of our field really, it depends on your application, but you can fuse copper wire between sheets of glass which would be conductive. Otherwise I imagine that a foil cut on a digital die cutter. Best of luck.

     

    Bridget 25th February 2014 11:34am

    Marks In Glass:

    I'm putting together a composite piece for a kitchen splashback. All the items have been constructed and now I'm fusing them.

    The first piece has fused. It has come out of the kiln with this very strange effect. It looks like an inclusion below the green and on top of the clear. The green is rippled but I don't think it's an air bubble and so shows although the black is not breaking through. The clear is smooth but clearly showing as black.

    The kiln cycle is standard with a maximum temperature of 804 and has been used a number of times before. I.e I didn't set it for this cycle.

    The piece is glued however the glue was not positioned where the black is.
    Do you have any ideas?

    Hi Bridget 

    If the black looks silvery and flaky, inside a bubble, it is glue. The glue burns off and tracks to the middle of the glass. Glastac glue will reduce but not eliminate this happening, the best thing is to not use any glue or use glasstac sparingly and near the edge of the design. 

    www.warm-glass.co.uk/bullseye-glastac-fusing-glue-p-2276.html

     

    Hazel 25th February 2014 10:51am

    Silver Wire Question:

    Hello I am thinking of trying to make my own bails and fusing in between the glass. I have looked at the silver wire and there are two sizes, 0.7mm and 1.00mm.Can you let me know which would be better and it will not tarnish in the kiln? .also how to secure it straight before I fire.. Thank you for your help. Hazel

    Simon - Warm Glass UK 25th February 2014 10:55am

    Hi Hazel,

    Both the 0.7mm and the 1mm can be used between glass and it really depends on what thickness will look best with you pieces. I prefer the 1mm.

    All silver will tarnish a bit and this can be removed with silvo or vinegar. The silver we sell is 999 pure and therefore will tarnish less than sterling silver. Please be aware that silver will react with some glass types.

    This section of the website contains more information:

    www.warm-glass.co.uk/bullseye-glass-tips-and-information-cms-25.html#Reactive Glass

     

    Sue Mclaren 17th February 2014 9:22pm

    How do you use glass line paper?

    Hi Sue, sorry for the delay in replying to your query! 
    Glassline paper can be fused between glass layers to add interest to your work. There is a tipsheet on how to use it here: www.warm-glass.co.uk/images/pdfs/products/Glassline%20Paper%20Product%20Brochure.pdf
    and you can look at some images of students' work using the paper on our 'Get Going with Glassline' course in our gallery here:www.warm-glass.co.uk/gallery-get-going-with-glassline-cms-121.html
    I hope that helps!

     

    Connie 30th October 2013 12:55pm

    Which cutter is best? Pistol grip or pencil grip?

    Warm Glass 30th October 2013 1:16pm

    Connie, it is simply a matter of personal taste. Some prefer the pencil grip while others like the pistol grip. We use both types regularly here at Warm Glass

     

    Mark 30th October 2013 12:43pm

    What is the best temperature to fire Bullseye Glass to?

    We generally fire a full fuse to 804C - full details of firing schedules are accessed from the 'Help' section of the Warm Glass site. Hope this helps!

     

     

    Dreaming of a kiln of my very own...

    Posted on 28th November 2013

    Comments (0)

    [Paragon SC2 Kiln] So, I’ve really been getting into this glass thing recently; taken a class, read the books. I’ve sussed out how to cut the glass more than my finger, and my pieces are looking like something I could sell, rather than passing them off as ‘test pieces’.  Motivation is high!  The only fly in the ointment is not having a kiln.  I’ve been thinking a lot about getting one of my very own.  No more risk of breakage transporting my latest design to a kiln elsewhere and better still, complete control over the firing schedule and more opportunity to experiment with this wonderful medium.

    So I take a look at my friendly internet glass retailer’s website :) and there is a lot of choice. Now we all like to have choices, but it can be a bit overwhelming.  I work here and I was confused!  So I started to wonder, what do you need to consider when buying a kiln?  There are a few questions I wanted answers to before making a choice. So I asked around the office, and wanted to share their advice with you…

    First, be sure about what you want to make.

    Veronica gave this sound advice: The most important thing was to be clear about is what I really want to make.

    Jewellery:  If I was primarily focussed on jewellery making, or smaller pieces, then there’s no point in spending extra on a bigger kiln that will take up more room and cost me more to fire. For jewellery makers, a kiln like the Paragon SC2 would suffice unless planning to fire large numbers of pieces at once. 

    Bowls and panels: If I want to make large plates or bowls or bigger decorative pieces, then I would need a kiln big enough to fit the work into: The bigger the work the bigger the kiln. Simples.

    Beads: The bead door option on the Paragon SC2 kiln is a great option if bead-making is your thing (it isn’t mine), or the Nabertherm MF5 which is designed for bead work.

    Also I should consider the volume of work I wish to fire. If I want to fire more than a few pieces each day then I’d need a chamber big enough to take the work. Remember that pieces will be in the kiln for the best part of a day.

    Lastly, I should consider the logistics. Will it fit where I want it to go? Can I get it through the door?? Although too big for me, if you are looking at a large 3 phase kiln, you will need to make sure you can get it wired into your power supply (a job for qualified sparkys only!).

    I am keen on making bowls and coasters, so was eyeing up a smallish kiln. Having decided roughly on the size, I took a look at the kiln construction: 

    Should I choose ceramic brick or fibre insulation?

    Apart from size, another difference in kiln construction seemed to be the insulation material used. I was told both do a good job of insulating kilns, making the firing programs reliable and cheap to run. Ceramic brick kilns tend to be cheaper, and might well collect a few bumps as the brick is soft (a necessary bi-product of their lightweight-but-insulating properties). This would not affect the firing but if I wanted my kiln to be a pretty ‘object d’art’ in my conservatory, a fibre kiln with a stainless steel coating might suit better.  Personally, I don’t have a conservatory, so it’s a moot point.

    What about the controller?

    Veronica said to look for a controller that has pre-set firing schedules to get things started, but with the option of adding my own schedules. I like the idea of experimenting with different firings, so this appealed to me. Plus, I like pressing buttons.

    What about the heating elements?

    Megan cleared this up for me: Glass requires even heat across its surface to fire correctly.  She said never layer a kiln with two shelves of glass, as the bottom layer simply won’t get heated evenly. Look for a kiln with elements in the lid, allowing for the heat to distribute evenly over the surface of the glass. If the kiln is deep to allow for three dimensional work, then it should ideally also have side elements to help the heat penetrate lower into the chamber.

    Second hand or new?

    Well, price may force me to buy second hand, and this has got to be better than no kiln at all, but I was warned to be careful and make sure I get to see the kiln in action before parting with my cash. Of course if I could afford a new kiln, I’d benefit from a warranty and still get a lot of my money back if I sell, as kilns hold their value very well.

    Build quality and warranty?

    Veronica recommended only buying a kiln built by a quality manufacturer with an established history such as Nabertherm, Skutt, Paragon or Kilncare (that’s why WG stock them!).  Prices of kilns vary, but essentially the more you pay, the higher the build quality, the bigger the chamber and the more ‘extras’ you get like quartz elements or lid opening mechanisms (dropping a lid on your work is not recommended).  Look for a good warranty of two or three years.  Kilns are not cheap, and it is false economy to try to save a bit of cash up front by buying from an unknown manufacturer or dealer.

    Can I use a ceramics kiln?

    Yes. This surprised me but a ceramic kiln can be programmed to fire glass in, especially if you are doing glass casting. You may get issues like devitrification if you are fusing or slumping glass because ceramic kilns heat from the sides rather than the top, making the important even heating of glass difficult.  Megan warned that ceramic work leaves pollutants in the kiln which can taint glass work causing, for example, devitrification or discolouration. If your only choice is to use a kiln which is also used for ceramics work, then she recommended using a separate ‘glass only’ kiln shelf to try to reduce this problem.

    So, what about these microwave kilns then?

    Arrgh no! Everyone was very clear on this! Glass is fussy stuff, it likes to be heated up and cooled evenly and in a controlled manner or it gets stressed out, and stressed glass is weak glass, and you don’t want your latest creation to break while Aunt Felicity is admiring it (although being Aunt Felicity she will have a box of plasters in her handbag). A microwave kiln heats glass the same way my microwave heats a curry: badly.

    And finally… After sales service?

    OK, this is where I will unashamedly blow the Warm Glass UK trumpet. We offer fantastic aftersales service. Fact. The fabulous Veronica and Megan (and Simon, who is not adverse to being fabulous when the mood takes him), are on hand to talk you through getting started with your kiln, programming it and looking after it, for as long as you need it. Everyone who buys a kiln from us also gets a 5% or 10% discount on pretty much everything they buy from us in the future. They can also help you decide upon the perfect kiln for you, like they did for me - so if you are still stuck after reading this, you know where to find them!

    Well, it seems my budget is too tight to afford a kiln of the size I really want, so I’m going to save my pennies for a bit longer (and be very good all year for Santa). I’ve got my eye on a Firebox 14 though…

     

     

    Preparing your kiln for firing: A look at primers.

    Posted on 18th December 2013

    Comments (0)

    One of the first things you will need to do when you start firing your own work is choose a shelf primer. You can’t fire glass directly onto a kiln floor, shelf or mould as the glass will stick, so a thin barrier is needed. Here at Warm Glass UK we sell a number of different shelf and mould primers for this job, all of which have been tried and tested in our studio. I took a look at the pros and cons of each option:

    Bullseye Shelf Primer

    Our most popular kiln wash. Available in smaller quantities, a 400g jar will coat about 30 20” square shelves. It comes in powder form and you mix it with water before using. It has a helpful pink tint so you can see exactly where you have applied it. The tint burns out on firing. It also dries quickly between layers and is easy to apply evenly with a soft haik brush. Another benefit is that if you fire under 706˚C, then you will not need to re-apply the primer for another firing. A new coating should be applied after a full fuse (766˚C or higher).  For more information on applying Bullseye Shelf Primer take a look at this information sheet:

    Using Shelf Primer.

    Hi-Fire Shelf Primer

    An excellent shelf primer, available in 5lb jars, this primer is specifically designed to perform well at high temperatures for techniques such as raking. It is also good for bead release and seems to work well at lower firing temperatures as well, making it a good all-round primer. It also has a pink tint to help show where it has been applied, and goes on nicely in even layers. It cleans from the shelf and glass easily after use.

    [Primo in Colour de Verre Mould] Primo Primer

    We recommend this primer for use with casting moulds, such as the Colour de Verre dragonfly mould or nano bead mould.  Although slightly more difficult to mix and apply (Tip: leave it for an hour after adding the water before mixing again and applying), it is truly excellent at releasing work from these complex moulds, leaving great detail and a smooth finish. It also needs minimal clean up afterwards.  Take a look at the video on this page for a demonstration of how to apply Primo Primer.

    [Boron Nitride Spray] Boron Nitride Spray

    Yes, it is expensive, but a little goes a long way and it is ideal for stainless steel moulds such as the floral former because, unlike other primers, you do not have to heat the mould for the primer to adhere. It also gives a fantastically smooth finish to your glass, minimising cold work. Not recommended for firing temperatures above 704˚C.

    Bullseye Thinfire Paper

    Don’t want the hassle of preparing a primer and applying it? Try Thinfire Paper. A more expensive option than primers because the paper only lasts for one firing, but preparation times are almost zero! Just put the paper on the kiln shelf and place your work on top.  Bullseye Thinfire leaves a very smooth finish too. We use this extensively in our studio.

    Further information:

    I found this great comparison guide from Devine Glass in Australia. I can only assume that the firing paper they trialled was not Bullseye Thinfire, as we have always found the Bullseye paper gives a nice smooth finish, but it is still very interesting reading: www.devineglass.com/primer.pdf.

    This blog from the US site Glass Art by Margot compares Primo Primer and Bullseye Shelf Primer: Glass Art by Margot. Be careful if using a green scourer to clean your mould as she suggests. Use only lightly so you don’t lose detail in the mould.

    One of our mould suppliers, the US company Slumpy’s, has a great blog. This one compares different mould primers and is worth a look: Slumpy's Blog.  [Slumpy's logo]

     

    A Note about Shelves: Always use the smallest shelf you can when firing glass, and raise the shelf with props. This allows the heat to distribute evenly inside the kiln. Thin shelves are also preferable with glass work as thicker shelves absorb a lot more heat.

    Safety Note:  Care must be taken to protect yourself from the dust when mixing, applying and removing all primers. Always wear a dust mask and gloves and read the safety information which comes with the primer.  We stock lots of safety equipment here.

    Happy firing!

     

     

     

    Embellishments Q&A Round-up

    Posted on 30th January 2014

    Comments (7)

    We recently held a very successful 'Q&A' session via our Facebook page on using Embellishments in glass work.  Our wonderful studio co-ordinator Megan O'Hara was on hand to respond to all your questions, and below is a selection of the questions we received and her answers. Thank you to everyone who took part!

     

    [FB user image]

    Hi Megan. I'm hoping to make a series of 6 tack-fused plaques. My question is: if I stencil powder onto one side of the plaque and tack fuse, can I then turn it over and decorate the other side - firing it a second time with the powder side down? Also - do silver and gold flakes have to be used between layers, like mica powder? Thanks. Rachel

    [Warm Glass square image]

    Hi Rachel, You can certainly Tack fire powder onto one side of the glass and then turn it over and use the other side, this is a technique call making a part sheet, it’s a very effective way of getting detailed design into your work and it is very effective. And yes the silver and gold flakes need to be used between layers of glass; they are made of mica and will not stick to the glass otherwise. They are a bit tricky in that they can trap a lot of bubbles I tend to use them sparingly to add a little sparkle here and there. Best wishes, Megan

     

    [FB user image] Any suggestions in keeping copper bright when fired between Bullseye?
    Thanks, Barbara

    [Warm Glass square image] Hi Barbara, That’s a tricky one! Copper doesn’t really ever stay copper coloured it will turn reddish when fired between layers, however if expose the copper to more air during the firing it will turn a darker blueish colour. so to make sure the copper stays as bright is possible use it towards the centre of your piece. There will always be some colour change though. Best wishes, Megan

     

    [FB user image] Can you use the glassline pens like paints and build up layers or will they crack? Seana

     

    [Warm Glass square image]

    Hello Seana,  The paints will crack if you layer them really thick but they are great to use like paints, I work with them a lot and I will usually build up lots of layers into my pieces, they only really crack when they are drying out a bit like thick mud on a hot day. But this cracking will not affect the glass, just the look of your piece. To avoid it layer up the paints in thin layers rather than putting a lot on at once. It’s a good idea to layer up the paints to get a good covering of colour, if you use them too thinly they can look a bit washed out after you fire them. I usually paint one layer and let it dry then paint another layer on top. A good way of telling if you have enough paint down is to hold your piece up to the light and if you can see lots of light coming through it you probably need to add a bit more. Best wishes, Megan

    [FB user image]

    Do   Do you use brushes or just the nibs?

     

     

    [Warm Glass square image]

    I prefer to use brushes myself as I like to paint with them, but if you are looking to do writing then the nibs are good. They do clog easily so keep a little pot of water to hand to drop the nib in when you are not using it because the glassline paint dries out in them very quickly.

     

    [FB user image]

    Hi Megan, Thank you for this - you are amazing - I buy all the time from you and love your shop! I have a few questions that I want to ask please:-

    1. With the glassline pens I find that the white fades a bit when fused can you recommend what I may be doing wrong?
    2. I have a lady who wants me to include her paper cuts into my glass - they are amazing but she cut out from the white kiln paper and when I fused this the writing just burnt away I am sure it was because the writing was so delicate is there anyway to keep the form on such a delicate cut out? Tracy
    [Warm Glass square image] Hello Tracy, You do need to build up a fairly thick layer of the glassline paints for it to not burn out in the firing, I usually do a base coat and let it dry then do another coat on top. A good way of telling if you have enough paint down is to hold your piece up to the light and if you can see a lot of light coming through then the paint is probably not thick enough. as for the thinfire paper, you can fire this between the layers it will need a long bubble squeeze on your firing schedule though because it can cause big bubbles, here is a good firing schedule; 

    RATE TEMP HOLD
    Segment 1 121°C hr ( 250°F ) → 555°C (1000°F ) 4hours
    Segment 2 121°C hr ( 250°F ) → 804°C ( 1480°F ) 10 min
    Segment 3 999°C hr ( 9999°F ) → 482°C ( 900°F ) 60 min
    Segment 4 83°C hr ( 150°F ) → 371°C ( 700°F ) End
    However if the cut outs are really delicate they can distort in the firing, this is down to the design just being too delicate, there’s not really anything that can be don’t to counteract this. 

    [FB user image]

    Is it bog simple to use the crayons like a child. Can u give me a firing cycle to work. Does it need to be an inclusion ? Rachael

     

    [Warm Glass square image] Do you mean the Glassline chalks? Glassline chalks can be used to draw on sandblasted glass, tack fused Glassline pens and paper or a rough surface created using powder frit. They work well when drawn on thinfire or Glassline paper and then layered in-between the glass, you will need to use a firing schedule with a long bubble squeeze if you are going to do this. Best wishes, Megan

    [FB user image]

    Hi Megan after you've drawn on the sandblasted glass with the Glassline Chalks do you need to fire again to retain the colour? Dawn

     

    [Warm Glass square image]

    Yes Dawn, you need to fire each time you build up the colour

     

     

    [FB user image]

    I love the reaction of fusing vanilla with silver. Really beautiful. Now this is really my question, what other colours in the bullseye range have a wacky reaction to silver? Cheers x

     

    [Warm Glass square image]

    Hi Rachael, The best silver reactions happen with Red Opal, Reactive Ice and Reactive Cloud, but you can expect interesting things to happen with any glass containing sulphur as well. To find out which glasses contain sulphur just look at the check the Reactive Glass Chart here. Reactive Glass Chart

     

     

    Basic glass casting and mould making questions answered...

    Posted on 5th March 2014

    Comments (0)

    We recently had some interesting questions on Facebook about casting and mould making basics with glass. Here are the answers Simon gave, which I hope you will find useful too if you are considering glass casting. This customer wanted to cast small historical replicas in blue glass like those in the image below:

    1. What moulding composition would you recommend to cast mould forms in which to melt glass? We would like to use it several times.

     

    A: The best product for multiple casting is Castalot.


     

    2. What materials would you recommend us to use to avoid the glass sticking to the mould?


    A: The best mould release for this is Primo-primer.

     


    3. What kind of blue (not completely transparent) glass would you recommend to express all the details on the best way? Powder, sand, a liquid variant, pasty mixture?

    A: From your image I would recommend fine frit in True Blue or Light Sky Blue, this will give you an opaque blue. For more transparency you can use larger frit sizes or billet.

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/true-blue-fine-frit-146401-p-3387.html
    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/light-sky-blue-trans-fine-frit-141401-p-1675.html

    4. Will you provide us with firing programs? 

    A: For the fine frit you can use the following firing so long as the pieces are no more than 25mm thick.

    222C to 804C and hold for 10 minutes
    999C to 482C and hold for 1 hour
    83C to 371C and leave to cool to room temperature

    5. Will it be necessary we to glaze the product?
    A: This will not be necessary.

    We also run classes on glass casting and mould making. Here is a link to the information about the classes on our website;


    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/nov-2728th-2014-creative-glass-casting-and-mouldmaking-p-3970.html

    Getting Started: Flameworking Equipment

    Posted on 8th May 2014

    Comments (0)

    [Beadmaking]

    Flameworking (or torchworking or lampworking) is the process of working with glass (usually glass rods) over a hot flame. It is most commonly associated with glass bead making.  Beautiful and intricate beads can be made with this method. The work is then annealed in a kiln to prevent weaknesses in the glass.

     

    [Bullseye Rods] This week we are offering 20% off all Bullseye rods, so if you fancy having a go, we have put together a list of things you will need to get you started:

    Before anything else, we would recommend getting a good book on the subject, such as The Complete Book of Glass Beadmaking, by Kimberly Adams.  Even better, go on a taster course to see if you like it. We run a Hot Glass Flameworking one day taster class at various times through the year (the next one is on July 25th 2014).

    Here are the other essential pieces of kit you will need to get you started:

    [Bracket for Hothead] A torch – we would recommend the Hot Head Torch for beginners. They use standard Mapp gas canisters available from most DIY stores.
    A torch holder – to keep your torch steady and safe when not in use.
    Didymium Goggles – to protect your eyes from both the light and the glass. Essential!
    Gloves & dust mask - basic safety equipment for any glass work.
    An annealing kiln – such as the Paragon SC2 with Bead door.
    Mandrels – to wrap the molten glass round when making beads.
    Bead release – so the beads to not stick to the mandrel.
    Graphite marver and graphite paddle – to shape the glass without it sticking.
    Bullseye Glass Rods
    Bullseye Glass Frit – for detail
    Foil (e.g. silver foil or dichroic foil) – to add interest to your work
    Standard safety equipment – first aid kit and fire extinguisher etc.

    Make sure you set up your work area in a well-ventilated and well-lit room. 

    Take a look at our Flamework section for information on all the individual products.

    For more tips on working with Bullseye rods, click here, or check out some online forums on flamework, such as Glassline:  http://www.glassline.net/forums/index.php

    Take a look at this video of one of our tutors, Claire Hall, making a bead over a flame:

    Have fun and happy experimenting! Don’t forget to post your work up on our Facebook page, we’d love to see it!

     

     

    Versatile Stringers!

    Posted on 18th August 2014

    Comments (2)

    Hurrah! We are now stocking stringers in smaller packs!  To celebrate this momentous occasion (and the fact that I have finished uploading all 160ish of the new sizes- phew) I thought I would take a look at what you can do with this versatile and popular accessory glass.

    What are stringers?

    Stringers are basically threads of glass pulled from re-melted sheet glass. They come in neat, straight lines packed in a tube. We stock Bullseye stringers, so they are compatible with the other glasses we sell (as are all of the Bullseye Accessory Glasses). Stringers are available in 1mm and 2mm thickness, and a limited number of colours are also now available in 0.5mm thickness.

    Ideas for using stringers:

    Straight:

    Stringers really are extremely versatile. Even used straight from the tube you can create some great designs with them. Try criss-crossing them (it is OK for them to overlap, as they will melt flat in the kiln), or line them up in alternating colours for a ‘barcode’ effect. This piece has some reactive frit sprinkled over the top too.

    Trapping bubbles:

    You can cross-hatch stringers between layers of glass to create a pattern of small uniform bubbles. Lay the stringers in a row along the base glass, and then do the same with the cap glass. Sandwich the stringers together at 90 degrees to each other before firing. This creates an elegant grid of bubbles.

     

    Candle Bending:

    Stringers can be bent into different shapes using a wax candle to heat them (just be careful as the ends can get hot!) Try curling them up into spirals using tweezers or you can make tapered ends by pulling the tip of the stringer off with some tweezers over a flame. You can stretch sections midway along the stringer using the same technique, creating nice organic shapes suitable for depicting grass, stems, tendrils etc.  

    Check out the Tipsheet on candle bending for more ideas:  Candle Bent Stringers

    Kiln bending:

    Stringers can also be bent into uniform shapes by slumping them in a mould in the kiln. Serpentine moulds and double curved moulds are good for creating wave shapes. Fire your stringers at 150C per hour to 650C. No annealing is required as the stringers are so thin.

    Part Sheets:

    Megan created this fantastic piece by creating part sheets of lined-up stringers, then cutting and re-ordering them. It’s almost like an Escher print if you stare at it for too long!

     

    Tips on using stringers:

    Wear goggles! Flying bits of glass stringer are not good for your health.
    The best way to cut stringer is with glass cutters, as snapping them by hand tends to leave a ragged edge which will show in our final piece and make you say‘Arrgh!’
    Stringers are usually laid over a flat glass sheet but they are quite keen on rolling about. A small drop of Glastac at each end of the stringer will hold it in place prior to firing. It always amazes me how well this works!
    When candle-bending, make sure you don’t get any wax on the stringer, as this will contaminate your final piece (‘Arrgh!’ again), but don’t worry about the soot marks as these will just burn out on firing.
    Don’t use the stringers between layers as you will trap bubbles (unless this is the effect you want of course). If you would like to use stringer designs between layers, then pre-fire the stringer onto the base glass first so that it is flat.

    We hope that you now feel inspired to experiment with stringers!  We would love to see your creations, so if you want to share your work with us you can do so by posting it to our Facebook page. We look forward to seeing them!

    - Kirsty

     

     

    Where do these HUGE bubbles come from?

     

     

     

    The type of bubble shown here is not between layers but comes all the way through the glass and sometimes appear as a large hole in the glass. Large bubbles creating holes in a piece are usually down to three things:

     

    1. The main culprit is fusing thin glass too fast, the apple pie effect is where the glass seals around the edge, trapping air in the middle which then forms a bubble which turns into a hole when it pops. Use the super bubble squeeze attached or use 2 layers of 3mm for the base.

     

    2. A shelf which has been primed or has not been fired for a long time often holds moisture even though it looks dry, this moisture can turn to steam during the firing which can blow bubbles as in this video. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8QufaKpuffs . If you get these large bubbles in a 6mm thick piece, the solution is to dry your kiln-shelf by firing it to 260C for 20 minutes with the kiln fully vented.

     

    3. An dip in the shelf can cause bubbles, if you put a straight edge across your shelf you should not see any gaps, try this on both sides of the shelf and fire on the flattest side. Ensure that your kiln shelf has no dips in it or just flip it and use the other side.

     

    I hope this information is helpful.

     

    Kind regards

    Simon

     


    Subject: comment on FB

    Why, oh WHY is there no information anywhere as to when or if we put the bung into Skutt 14 Firebox when firing...... VR

    What shall I reply?

    The bung is used to cover the vent hole in the kiln and the kiln can fire with or without the bung in place. Some firing schedules will recommend venting the kiln and if you want to vent the kiln you remove the bung, if you do not want to vent the kiln then the bung can be left in the hole.

     

    -----Original Message-----

    From: Louise [mailto:louise_and_roger@yahoo.co.uk]

    Sent: 10 January 2015 12:46

    To: Veronica O'Hara

    Subject: Advice on kiln issues please

     

    Hi

     

    I bought a skutt firebox 14 kiln from yourselves back in December, and I'm having a couple of teething problems that I'd like your advice on.

     

    The first, is on two occasions when I've put large (29cm diameter) pieces of circular glass in the kiln, they have both had holes develop. They were both on auto mode, the first was full fuse-slow, and the second (photo attached) was on full fuse-medium. I've done a 17cm piece of circular glass and that was great, just a bit holey on the big ones!

     

    The second issue, is on some small items made with glass bobbles (cooked on a previous firing), they have come out with a hazy surface, which I assume is devitification. Other smaller items have been ok. I've tried to be good with the cleaning, but still seem to be having a problem.

     

    I assume I might need to tweak the kilns settings a bit, but thought I'd ask your advice first. Is this something you can offer any ideas on please?

     

    Thanks for your help

     

     

    Dear Louise

     

    Thank you for your enquiry

     

    I’m sorry to hear you have been getting unwanted bubbles, large bubbles creating holes in a piece can be from three things:

     

    1. The main culprit is fusing thin glass too fast, the apple pie effect is where the glass seals around the edge, trapping air in the middle which then forms a bubble which turns into a hole when it pops. Use the super bubble squeeze above or use 2 layers of 3mm for the base.

     

    2. A shelf which has been primed often holds moisture even though it looks dry, this can form steam during the firing which can blow bubbles as in this video. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8QufaKpuffs

     

    3. An dip in the shelf can cause bubbles, if you put a straight edge across your shelf you should not see any gaps, try this on both sides of the shelf and fire on the flattest side.

     

    The Hazy surface will be devitrification, we recommend using the cleaner we sell with paper towel for cleaning and if you still get the issue please let me know.

     

    I hope this information is helpful.

     

    Kind regards

    Simon

     

    Used the slump s curve for first time after had full fused this item below; sadly it cracked altho was on factory settings in hot start pro on slump cycle. Was it just too thick? Thanks for your input

     

    Hi Kate

     

    The Hotstart factory cycle may be a bit harsh if the piece was thick - did you use the SLOW setting for both the fuse and the slump? Also, could the piece have gripped the mould? If the edges are sharp the glass cracked in cooling and this would indicate either cooling too fast or gripping the mould. If the edges of the cracks are soft, then the glass had stress in it before it was fired, it was heated too fast or it was too close to the elements.

     

    I attach some information which may be useful.

     

    (Successful Slumping in Plugin Kiln)

     

     

    Hello,

     

    I recently bought a Pro-fuser kiln and a quantity of Bullseye glass from you, and I have been making glass tiles.  I have run about 20 firings, mostly with success. 

     

    However, yesterday I ran a firing and about half the tiles had lumps in the surface caused by bubbles forming underneath and they have lifted the surface of the top layer.  The base layer was a 3 mm Tekta glass.  The tiles I make are 4” square. 

     

    The kiln shelf was newly treated with kiln wash and I have taken care, as in my previous firings, to dry it well. 

     

    As you can see from the attached image of the underside of the tile, the bubbles are surrounded by a black spidery inclusion.  I have seen this on one or two tiles previously, they were fired on thinfire paper, but never on such a large scale.  I have noticed bubbles in my glass work from time to time without the black surround, so I assume this is something different from run of the mill bubbles. 

     

    Dear Mariana

     

    Thank you for your enquiry.

     

    I’m sorry to hear about the issue you have had, it looks to me like bubbles caused by glue residue. The black is carbon left from the glue burning out, it’s best to avoid using glue or use it very sparingly and when it is used, use it on the edge of the piece as this will allow it to burn away cleanly.

     

    The attached schedules should be good for most firings, but if you find you get unwanted bubbles, this is a super bubble squeeze.

     

    SUPER BUBBLE SQUEEZE Use this firing if to avoid unwanted bubbles.

    Runtime = 12 hrs

    RATE – Degrees/hr

    TEMP – Set point

    HOLD - Soak

    Segment 1

    222°C/hr ( 400°F )

    → 600°C  (1112°F )

    30 min

    Segment 2

    111°C/hr ( 400°F )

    → 677°C  (1250°F )

    60 min

    Segment 3

    333°C/hr ( 600°F )

    → 804°C  ( 1480°F )

    10 min

    Segment 4

    999°C/hr ( 999°F )

    → 482°C  ( 900°F )

    60 min

    Segment 5

    83°C/hr ( 150°F )

    → 371°C  ( 700°F )

    End

     

    I hope this information is helpful.

     

    Kind regards

    Simon

     

    Thanks for sending recent order. I had a customer recently asking for plum coloured coasters so I ordered the plum opal striker 0332.30, which seemed to be the closest to plum that you have. However when I fired it, the colour was more dusky pink than plum and certainly nothing like the sample photo on the website. I realise that we all have different monitors etc, and I have included two photos, one which is lighter than the other, but I hoped you would have a look at the two photos attached of the fired 0332 and let me know what you think.

     

    The bottom layer is transparent.

     

    I am at a loss at what to do now for my customer because if the plum opal isn't plum coloured, I am not sure which colour would be.

     

    Dear Sally

     

    Thank you for your enquiry.

     

    Bullseye colours are normally very consistent, the strikers sometimes need enough heat-work to fully mature. We know this is especially true with the transparent pinks and it may also be true for the opal pinks. Please could you test fire following the schedule below which will hopefully result in the colour fully maturing.

     

    Working Notes:

     

    Colour usually deepens on firing.

     

    Some striking glasses like this one need to be fired slowly during the initial stages of the firing cycle. If fired too fast they may not strike at all or they may strike, but appear spotty and have a blue-brown cast as opposed to the desired target colour.  A standard full-fuse schedule should work to strike these glasses:

     

     

    Rate       Temp (C)              Hold

    222        677        :30

    333        804        :10

    999        482        :60

    83           371        end

     

    I hope this information is helpful.

     

    Kind regards

    Simon

     

     

    Hi, I am planning to buy a glass kiln and am wondering what model is best for me. I make jewelries of glass and also silver clay. I have been watching Paragon kilns and skutt firebox 8. I have never used kiln before. I have used only microwave box until now. What means Paragon kiln with bead door? Am I able to do beads with that kiln? What do you think which kiln fires best small glass jewelries (earrings and pendants), Paragon or skutt firebox8? If I understood right it is not able to fire silver or bronze clay with other skutt firebox kilns? Many questions but I want to find the best kiln for my use.

     

    Best regards Hanna

     

    Thank you for your email and your question about kilns.

    This video has a little explanation

    http://youtu.be/oThsR9qKNE8?list=UUI7mEFy432YnSS9AyMNw6Rw

    The bead door on the Paragon is so that you can make beads using a flame and anneal the beads in the kiln without opening the door every time. However, if you are not going to be flameworking, then I would suggest you go for the firebox 8 as this is a great small kiln because the elements are all around the sides. You can fire silverclay in any kiln but you must use a different shelf for firing silver on or it will discolour the glass when you use it with glass.

    I hope this helps.

     

    Hi

     

    I have been making some snowman and rudolph Christmas ornaments and decided to try to extend these into some simple slumped shapes including the tack-fused figures.  Process: 1.  2x3mm tekta pieces full fused. 2. ornamentation tack fused on 3. whole thing slumped.   First time I used the Slow Slump setting on the Skutt firebox 14 but suffered internal cracks around the edges of the figures.  Second time I slowed down the ramp-up and increased the annealing time but the cracks still happened.  Photos attached.

     

    I wondered if you could help me with:

    1.  Do I just need to ramp up even more slowly and anneal for longer or are these projects doomed to failure?

    2.  I wondered whether these pieces are safe to sell as seconds or should be binned?  One seemed whole yesterday but is cracked today and I wouldn't want to sell anything that would break.  

     

    Whilst I'm at it, I was on the dichroic secrets course with Megan earlier this year.  What I'd really hoped to learn was how to make cabachons like the one in the photo - whilst we learned cabochon making it was how to make larger pieces which could be cut down into individual pieces.  I see this one was taught in the Beginner Jewellry class.....I've tried experimenting myself with a base disc of 2mm and a top layer of 2mm clear - gluing small pieces of dichroic between.  But I don't seem to be able to get all the small pieces in as shown on the photo - at least not without gaps.   When I tried filling the gaps with clear powder it produced clouds of bubbles. (photo attached)

    Many thanks

    Rachel Parkinson

    Hi Rachel

     

    Thanks for your email

     

    Do I just need to ramp up even more slowly and anneal for longer or are these projects doomed to failure?

     

    Assuming that this is all Bullseye Glass, the cracks are forming due to poor annealing. As you are firing these three times we should look right back to the first firing to ensure that the firing was appropriate – In a Firebox 14 I would use:

     

    BASIC FULL FUSE for up to 50cm square with an even thickness of 6mm. Slow rise to avoid thermal shock, hold at 677°C for bubble squeeze and to even out the temperature.

    Runtime = 12 hrs

    RATE - Degrees ph

    TEMP – Set point

    HOLD - Soak

    Segment 1

    222°C hr ( 400°F )

    → 677°C  (1250°F )

    30 min

    Segment 2

    333°C hr ( 600°F )

    → 790°C  (1454°F)

    10 min

    Segment 3

    999°C hr ( 9999°F )

    → 482°C  ( 900°F )

    60 min

    Segment 4

    83°C hr ( 150°F )

    → 371°C  ( 700°F )

    End

     

    In the second firing you are using differing thicknesses, so you need to anneal for twice the thickest part (12mm), so anneal as if your piece is 25mm, that’s a 4 hour anneal!

    Same goes for the third firing, anneal for 4 hours and cool from 482C very slowly, use the annealing schedule for 25mm glass in the attached sheet.

     

    I would not recommend selling anything with cracks in. As they have been fired three times already, re-firing them would probably not be a solution.

    I believe that the disc cabs are made in the way you mention but with 3mm clear on top, I have asked about the procedure and the dicro is glued using glue sparingly and the powder is brushed into the gaps leaving the dichroic clear. I hope this helps.

    I've been trying to track down a pale lemony yellow powder- I have several yellows which all fire to a lemon peel or deeper/brighter even though different pre-firing. Any views? Testing palette knife with wet powder on this piece. – Lois Parker

    From: Kirsty Dale
    Sent: 07 October 2014 10:35
    To: Megan O'Hara
    Subject: fb question

     

    Hi Megan – I was going to suggest she mix sunflower or canary yellow with white powder to get a paler lemon yellow. Would that work?

    Yep there is a handy bit on page 27 of the bullseye catalogue that shows how you can mix powders together to change colours its quite interesting J

     

     

    Jewellery and pendant moulds like the Jewellery Moulds

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/moulds-casting-jewellery-and-casting-moulds-c-96_152.html

    can make great pieces even using scrap glass. The main trouble people have is the glass spiking on the edges of the mould. The spikes are caused by the glass getting caught on the side of the mould as it melts. This can be solved either by using fine frit as the filler or piling the glass up like a pyramid in the centre so that it melts from the centre outwards.

    -----

    Many people have the issue of grinding or cutting marks showing up on finished pieces, Jan sent me this image. The solution to this is to clean the edge under a running tap after grinding, you can use a green scrubby thing to really get the dust out. Then, fire polish on a shelf which has been primed using Bullseye Shelf Primer (link)

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/bullseye-shelf-primer-kiln-wash-p-324.html

    rather than thinfire, it’s the smoke from the thinfire which kicks off the devitrification in the score marks.

     

    Mark and Doris sent me a problem they were having with some 2mm Opaque White topping glass in this tack firing, the little trapped bubbles spoil the finished piece. Thin glass will often trap air as it doesn’t have the weight of 3mm to push the air out. I would suggest using 3mm White Opal (link)

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/bullseye-sheet-glass-3mm-white-opal-011330-p-850.html

    or use a bubble squeeze like in our basic fusing programmes (link)

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/kiln-schedules-cms-74.html

    and If you still get bubbles you can slow down the RATE in the first segment to from 222dph to 111dph.

     

    Tip of the week – Why has my glass cracked?

     

    There are three reasons for glass cracking in the kiln.

     

    Incompatible glass – This will only happen if you use glass from different manufacturers and is identified by the crack running around a piece of glass in the design.
    Thermal shock – This is due to heating too fast or cooling too fast. Soft edges in the break means heating too fast and sharp edges on the break means cooling too fast.
    Poor Annealing – Annealing should be calculated according to thickness (about 1hr for 6mm). If your design has different thicknesses the annealing hold should be doubled

     

    This piece broke due to poor annealing or cooling too fast.

    Link to - basic firing schedules for Bullseye glass

     

    Tip of the week Frit and Bubbles

    When using frit it’s always a good idea to run your design right to the edge of the glass, this will allow air to track out of the design instead of getting trapped and causing bubbles.

    Tip of the week. Avoiding Devitrification

    Devit is a scummy white haze on the surface of glass usually caused by contamination such as finger prints, sticker residue, grinding marks and dust.

     

    To avoid devit, clean the glass using glass cleaner and paper towel, protect the glass from dust before firing and use our basic full fuse firing schedules.

     

    If you still get devit after following these steps, try firing onto shelf primer rather than thinfire (this is essential if you have been grinding the glass).

     

    The cleaning glass BE video and Fixing flaws tip sheet are good links

    What’s this bubble with black stuff in it?

    Bubbles which contain black deposits are caused by either glue or other organic matter burning out during the firing. The bubble may not be where the glue originally was as it will track to the thinnest point.

     

    Always use glue very sparingly and only use it in the corners of the glass where it can burn out cleanly.

     

    Tip of the Week

     

    Where do these HUGE bubbles come from?

    The type of bubble shown here is not between layers but comes all the way through the glass and sometimes appear as a large hole in the glass.

     

    Cause: Air is trapped between the shelf and the glass. Usually caused by moisture in the shelf turning to steam at fusing temperatures but can also be caused by firing thin glass too fast or an uneven shelf.

     

    Solution: Dry your kiln-shelf by firing it to 260C for 20 minutes with the kiln fully vented. Fire single 3mm sheets slowly in the first segment – we recommend 111dph rather than 222dph. Ensure that your kiln shelf has no dips in it or just flip it and use the other side.

    We know that the technical side glass can often be a bit confusing but this video is a pretty good straight forward explanation of what glass is made from and how it’s manufactured. The second half of the video shows production happening in the Bullseye Factory.

     

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/previewCMS-cms-67.html

     

    Here at Warm Glass UK we use powder to help control bubbles, especially with screen prints and decals. So, here’s some great news, Bullseye recently put together this great tip sheet about that very process.

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/images/pdfs/products/Quick%20Tip%20Powder%20Power.pdf

     

    We recently showed a new video we made about bending stringers with a candle. Here’s a great tip sheet which shows what you can do with the technique.

    http://www.warm-glass.co.uk/images/pdfs/products/Quick%20Tip%20Fine%20Line%20Stringers.pdf

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    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
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  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  •  
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Curabitur eget sem cursus, gravida nibh vitae, porta tortor. Suspendisse commodo porttitor nulla. In eget cursus nisl, a lobortis nisl. Maecenas laoreet tellus eu leo tristique viverra. Nulla mauris est, condimentum non scelerisque vel, ultricies porttitor est. Praesent egestas pretium sem a interdum. Phasellus consequat metus nec quam congue pretium.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Donec ut sagittis dui, molestie fringilla ipsum. Vestibulum lorem nibh, gravida blandit suscipit gravida, volutpat sit amet lorem. Ut turpis purus, malesuada eu ipsum ac, rhoncus scelerisque tortor. Phasellus lacus turpis, convallis in convallis mattis, vehicula quis justo. Duis sodales varius sem, nec feugiat justo pulvinar quis. Maecenas feugiat neque vitae justo volutpat vulputate. Aliquam accumsan laoreet feugiat. Aenean lacinia dapibus neque et convallis. Pellentesque ac metus non enim eleifend ornare. Donec bibendum turpis diam, vel rutrum ipsum pharetra id. Nulla hendrerit id dolor sed euismod. Ut non libero ac massa consequat gravida. Nullam dictum interdum aliquam.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Vestibulum vel est ante. Duis nisi velit, pretium eget euismod eu, tristique euismod sem. Etiam rhoncus nibh sit amet odio ullamcorper, ut ullamcorper mi congue. Nullam eget porta turpis. Vestibulum augue dolor, imperdiet ac varius in, tincidunt in enim. Integer fringilla diam quis risus pulvinar, nec fringilla neque auctor. Suspendisse est augue, auctor id scelerisque vitae, lobortis scelerisque urna. Nunc ultricies et massa ac placerat. Nunc risus ligula, placerat id nisl a, volutpat laoreet augue. Praesent vulputate interdum lobortis. Mauris fringilla vitae turpis id dapibus. Cras feugiat cursus elementum. Nunc et dolor sed felis porta ullamcorper placerat ut nunc. Maecenas varius iaculis justo, ac interdum odio sodales in.
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

    Aenean in diam placerat, tempor lorem sit amet, varius nibh. Maecenas egestas volutpat convallis. Donec vel aliquam leo, vitae tincidunt felis. Maecenas ac luctus orci. Sed ac ligula eget lectus aliquam vestibulum. Phasellus non magna sit amet felis molestie malesuada a et augue. Aenean lobortis, arcu ac aliquam blandit, sem purus dictum dolor, vel iaculis massa diam pharetra arcu. Nunc laoreet nisi id dictum convallis. Nunc et purus sed sem ultricies scelerisque non vel felis. Duis laoreet ultrices mauris, ac cursus mauris imperdiet vel.

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